The University of Tennessee
A-Z Index  /  WebMail  /  Dept. Directory

Celebrate Freedom 2002 - Biographies

Celebrate Freedom 2002 Speaker Biographies

Harry C. Aderholt, Brigadier General, U.S. Air Force, Retired, was born in Birmingham, Alabama in 1920.  He served during World War II in North Africa and Italy as a B-17 and C-47 pilot from 1943 to 1945.  During the Korean War, General Aderholt commanded Detachment II of the 21st Troop Carrier Squadron which was responsible for all covert air support to Special Operations in the theater.  Det. II also played a major role in the evacuation of Marines from the Chosin Reservoir.  Following his Korean tour, General Aderholt was assigned as the Command of the Air Training Branch of the CIA.  During this period, the tactics for low level night aircraft penetrations against the most sophisticated air defense systems were developed and tested. Following a tour at Headquarters USAF Europe, where he served in the Directorate of Plans as an unconventional warfare planning staff officer, Aderholt returned to Washington with a second assignment to CIA as Air Operations Planner.  In January, 1960, in Okinawa, he was instrumental in developing the airfield complex in Laos known as Lima sites. These fields were used throughout Southeast Asia as support sites for special warfare operations as Jolly Green helicopter forward staging bases for rescue and recovery operations in Laos and North Vietnam.  From 1960 to 1962, he was commander of the Tibet Airlift Operation, then served as a Special Air Advisor to the Commander of the U.S. Air Force Special air Warfare Center at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, 1962-1964.  From there he became Commander of the famed 1st Air Commando Wing at Hurlburt Field, Florida.  During the Vietnam War General Aderholt was assigned to the 6200th Material Wing in the Philippines and also the U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. In 1966, he was selected to activate, organize, and later command the 56th Air Commando Wing at Nakhon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand.  In 1968, he was reassigned to the U.S. Air Force Special Air Warfare Center, later designated U.S. Air Force Special Operations, at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.  General Aderholt returned to Thailand in 1970 for two years as chief of the Air Force Advisory Group.  He retired in 1972, but was recalled to active duty in 1973 and assigned as deputy commander, U.S. Military Assistance Command, Thailand and deputy chief, Joint U.S. Military Advisory Group, Thailand.  In 1974, he organized and implemented the Cambodian Airlift. He became commander of both organizations in 1975, retiring later that year. Since that time the General has lectured at the USAF Special Opeations School, on low intensity warfare and became one of the founders, and past presidents of the Air Commando Association.  He serves as the president of McKoskie/Threshold Foundation, which with the ACA has shipped more than $300 million worth of medical supplies, clothing, etc., to Asia, Central America, and other areas of the world since 1962.  Air Commando One: Heinie Aderholt and America's Secret Air Wars by Warren A. Trest was published in 2000, by Smithsonian Institution Press.



Elizabeth A. Allen, R.N., Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Nursing at the University of Michigan. She received her diploma in nursing from Saint Maryís School of Nursing in Huntington, West Virginia, a BSN and a dual Masters of Science in Psychiatric Nursing and Business Administration from Ohio State University. She received her Ph.D. in Elementary Guidance with a specialty in first grade African American children from the University of South Carolina. After Dr. Allen received her Masters Degree she enlisted and was commissioned a Captain in the United States Army. She enlisted with the desire to be assigned to the Republic of Vietnam. From 1967 to 1968, she served first with the 12th Evacuation Hospital at Cu Chi, followed by an assignment to the 71st Evacuation Hospital at Pleiku. Dr. Allen was on station during the Tet Offensive and was at Pleiku when the hospital was hit. Due to military regulations she was not allowed to extend her assignment in Vietnam, so she taught Army corpsmen how to care for personnel with psychiatric illness and tuberculosis. Following her two years of active duty, Dr. Allen went on to serve 14 years in the U.S. Army Reserves. As a result of her military experience she was appointed by Governor James Blanchard to the Michigan Agent Orange Commission where she served five years - three as the Chair. She has also consulted with the Veterans Administration on the care of African American and women veterans in the areas of post traumatic stress and exposure to Agent Orange. Dr. Allen was recommended by Ron Armstead to Congressman Charles Rangell for membership on the Black Veteransí Braintrust. She worked on this committee to improve the lives of Vietnam Veterans, and later, all veterans. This has involved issues of gender, housing, jobs, health, children, and PTSD. Dr. Allen has appeared in two episodes of the television series ďChina BeachĒ and two documentaries on women in war for National Geographic Channel and the Learning Channel. She is also on of the women featured in the book Women in Vietnam. Dr. Allen has held many positions in the mental healthcare profession and has consulted with many state departments. In Michigan she was a member of the team that developed the standards and procedures for the assessment and documentation of care for the departments of mental health and corrections. She continues to place students in public psychiatric facilities to further their education. Dr. Allen will soon retire from the public world to design and plant gardens.






Michael E. Birdwell received his PhD from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville in 1996 and is the archivist/curator of Sergeant Alvin C. York's papers and an assistant Professor of History at Tennessee Technological University. He is a cultural historian and the author of Celluloid Soldiers: Warner Bros. Campaign Against Nazism, an examination of Harry Warner's efforts to alert the American public about the dangers of Hitler's Germany from 1934 to 1941. Birdwell has appeared as a "talking head" on A&E's Biography program and the History Channel's History's Mysteries and is currently working on new programs for both networks as well as a project for PBS about Class in America. He is the author of a number of articles and has been published in The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, Peter C. Rollis and John E. O'Connor's Hollywood's World War I: Motion Picture Images, and the Tennessee Historical Quarterly. A section editor for the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Appalachia, Birdwell is also the moderator for the listserv H-Appalachia. He is currently working on a history of the Upper Cumberland region of Tennessee from 1769 to 1960 and a book of essays about the historic importance of Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons.  


B.G. Burkett, a military researcher, was co-chairman of the Texas Vietnam Memorial with President George Bush as Honorary Chairman. Mr. Burkett has been the object of an award-winning segment on ABCís 20/20, as well as much acclaimed articles in Texas Monthly and Readerís Digest. He is a graduate of Vanderbilt University and the University of Tennessee. He served in Vietnam with the 199th Light Infantry Brigade, and was awarded the Bronze Star Medal, Vietnamese Honor Medal, and Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm. He is the author of Stolen Valor: How the Vietnam Generation Was Robbed of Its Heroes and Its History.  

John C. Burnam is the author of the incredible war dog story, Dog Tags of Courage. 1966-1968, John was a United States Army infantryman and scout dog handler in Vietnam.  He has launched the National War Dog Memorial Fund and is working with U.S. Congressional Representatives on a resolution to mandate a National War Dog Memorial in the Nation's Capitol. Mr. Burnam's Vietnam War Dog Stories have been featured in: War Dogs, America's Forgotten Heroes (Discovery Channel), Dogs of War (CNN News Feature), Dogs With Jobs (PBS Documentary), Hero Dogs (History Channel) and you can find reviews of his book at Also, Universal Studios has acquired Mr. Burnam as technical advisor for the production of a feature length film on Vietnam War Dogs. In January, 2001, he was elected President of the national Vietnam Dog Handler Association ( Mr. Burnam's military service awards include the Legion of Merit, Combat Infantry Badge, Purple Heart, Bronze Star, and the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry just to name a few. John, originally from Denver, Colorado, earned his degree from National-Louis University in Evanston, Illinois and is now employed full-time as a Senior Systems Analyst/Technical Writer for Unisys Corporation. He currently resides in Virginia.  

Lewis H. Carlson is the retired Director of American Studies and professor of history at Western Michigan University.  For over thirty years he taught courses on twentieth-century American history, with a special emphasis on oral and social history.  He has won his university's Alumni Award for Teaching Excellence, and he has been a guest lecturer in Germany at the John F. Kennedy Institute of the Free University in Berlin and at the University of Pasau.  He has also lectured extensively at various other German universities, as well as the Russian State University in Moscow.  His seven published books have covered such subjects as race, sports, popular culture, and prisoners of war.  His most recent book, We Were Each Other's Prisoners: An Oral History of World War II and American and German Prisoners of War, was published in 1997.  His latest book Remembered Prisoners of a Forgotten War: An Oral History of the Korean War POWs is set for release in April, 2002.  

Conrad C. Crane, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Retired, is a graduate of the Military Academy and has attended Airborne School, the Command and General Staff College, and the U.S. Army War College.  He received his master's and doctoral degrees from Stanford University.  He is author of Bombs, Cities, and Civilians: American Airpower Strategy in World War II (1993) and American Airpower Strategy in Korea (2000).  His articles have appeared in the Journal of Military History, The Historian, Mid America Aerospance Historian, Oxford Companion to American Military History, The Journal of Strategic Studies, and the anthology World War II in Europe: The Final Years.  Lieutenant Colonel Crane is a former Professor of History at the United States Military Academy at West Point and is currently Research Professor of Military Strategy at the Strategic Studies Institute of the Army War College.  

Robert J. Flynn, Commander, U.S. Navy, Retired, of Houston, Minnesota was involved in Aircraft Carrier based Naval Aviation. He served in seven Fleet squadrons on six Aircraft Carriers and commanded a shore based Training Squadron. In 1963, he was part of the Fleet Introduction Team for the Grumman A-6 Intruder. On 21 August, 1967, on his 71st mission, his A-6 was downed over North Vietnam. He was taken into Red China, imprisoned for 2032 days (5 Ĺ+ years) in a nightmare of deprivation aggravated by both physical and emotional torture. Cdr. Flynnís incarceration was most unique in that his 2030 consecutive days of solitary confinement are believed to be the longest for any military man in our nationís history. Cdr. Flynn was returned to freedom on 15 March, 1973. Subsequently, he served as a Squadron Aircraft Maintenance Officer, a Squadron Commander, the Executive Officer of a Major Shore Base, and finally as the Director of Aviation Warfare Training at the Naval Education and Training Command Headquarters in Pensacola, Florida where he was medically retired in 1985. His awards include the Legion of Merit (with Combat V), the Distinguished Flying Cross, three Bronze Stars (with Combat Vís), two Purple Hearts, six Air Medals (with Combat Vís), the POW medal, two Navy Commendation Medals (with Combat Vís) and the Combat Action Ribbon, as well as various other service and campaign awards. Commander Flynn, son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Flynn of Houston, Minnesota and Sun City, Arizona, married the former Mary Kathryn Michels of Pipestone, Minnesota. They reside in Pensacola, Florida and have two children; Elizabeth Anne Cruz in Walla Walla, Washington and Robert J. Flynn, Jr. in Pensacola.

William A. Gauntt, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Air Force, Retired, served in the USAF for 26 years as a pilot, engineer, base commander, and planner. A native of Mt Pleasant, Texas, Colonel Gauntt was commissioned at the Air Force Academy in 1968 following five grueling years at the prep school and then the Academy. Following flight school in Lubbock, Texas he was combat qualified and an Instructor in the RF 4-C Phantom, which he flew in Southeast Asia, Europe and the United States. Colonel Gauntt flew 130.5 missions in Vietnam before taking the scenic walk of North Vietnam from the DMZ to Hanoi where he spent the remaining 8.5 months of the war as a prisoner of war before being released in March 1973. After the war, Colonel Gauntt spent five years as an Instructor Pilot before returning to school to obtain a Masters Degree in Environmental Engineering. He then worked for the next three years as an Environmental Engineer followed by five years in the Pentagon as a planner helping to recover from an air traffic controllers strike and then worked legislative issues with Congress for two years prior to taking a tour in Europe. In between flying, being a safety officer and then Base Commander, Colonel Gauntt had the opportunity to tour much of Europe and some of North Africa, mostly by train. After returning to the U. S. Colonel Gauntt completed the last few years of his career helping to identify and close down numerous bases during the late 80ís. Colonel Gaunttís military decorations include three Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star with "V", two Purple Hearts, four Meritorious Service Medals and 21 Air Medals in addition to numerous Vietnamese awards. Colonel Gauntt is a Senior Vice President for a national environmental engineering firm and lives with his wife Nancy in Knoxville, Tennessee.    
Henry G. Gole, Colonel, U.S. Army Special Forces, Retired, began his service in 1952 and retired from the United States Army in 1988. His assignments include four tours in Europe and three in Asia. He was an enlisted soldier in the Korean War, serving as a rifleman, BAR man, medic, and sergeant in Charlie Company, 27th Infantry (Wolfhound) Regiment, 25th Division. Between his enlisted and commissioned service (1954-61) he continued his education and taught English and History at Baldwin Senior High School, Baldwin, New York. As a Special Forces captain in 1966 in Vietnam, Gole was a member of Blackjack 21, a mobile guerrilla force that operated in a denied area to disrupt enemy activity. In 1970-71 he served as intelligence and operations officer in CCC (Command and Control Center), one of the land elements of SOG (Studies and Operations Group), that operated from Kontum into Laos and Cambodia to interrupt enemy infiltration into the Republic of Vietnam. He later served as an attaché in Germany, as a staff officer in the Pentagon, and as an analyst in the Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College. He has taught at the United States Military Academy, the United States Army War College, and as an adjunct professor at the University of Maryland, Dickinson College, and Franklin and Marshall College. His Ph.D. in History is from Temple University. Colonel Gole has written some forty published articles, dozens of book reviews, and three books awaiting publication. His Road to Rainbow: The Army Plans for Global War, 1934-1940 will be published by the Naval Institute Press in November 2002. Colonel Gole teaches a course of his design, ďMen in Battle: The Human Dimension of Warfare,Ē at the Army War College and resides in Mechanicsburg, PA, where he edits, consults, writes, and teaches.  

William Hammond, PhD, is a senior historian with the U.S. Army's Center of Military History.  His published works include two volumes in the Army's history of the Vietnam War titled Public Affairs, The Military and the Media.  The first covers the years from 1962 to 1968, the second from 1968 to 1973.  In addition to numerous other publications, he has coauthored Black Soldier, White Army: The 24th Infantry Regiment in Korea and is the author of Reporting Vietnam, Media and Military at War (1998).  Reporting Vietnam won the Organization of American Historians' Richard W. Leopold Award for the year 2000.  Dr. Hammond was the recipient of a research fellowship from Harvard University's Joan Shorenstein Center for the Press and Public Policy during 1999. He doubles as a Professor in University Honors at the University of Maryland, College Park, where he teaches courses on both the history of the news media and the Vietnam War.  


Charles R. Harr, Colonel, U.S. Air Force, Retired, served in the USAF for 26 years as a fighter pilot, Air Force planner, operations officer and wing commander. He was combat qualified in the F-100, A-7, F-4, A-10, F-117, and F-15. Colonel Harr flew 200 combat missions in Vietnam in the F-100 Supersaber. Other career highlights include: Squadron Weapons Officer and initial cadre for the first A-10 squadron. A-10 Fighter Weapons School initial cadre. A-10 aerial demonstration pilot. F-117 stealth fighter initial cadre and squadron operations officer. Chief of Middle East/Africa/South Asia Plans & Policy, Air Staff, Pentagon. Wing Commander of 67th Reconnaissance Wing. Director of Fighter Training & Tactics, Air Combat Command. Assistant Director of Operations, Central Command Air Forces, for Desert Storm. Director of Operations, Central Command Air Forces, for the establishment of the no-fly zone in southern Iraq (Southern Watch). Director of Operations, 9th Air Force. The Colonelís military decorations include the Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak leaf clusters, Bronze Star, Meritorious Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters, Air Medal with 11 oak leaf clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal, Vietnam Service Medal, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm, and Kuwait Liberation Medal. Retired from the Air Force in 1994, Colonel Harr is a Certified Financial Planner and lives with his wife Lynne in Knoxville, Tennessee.  
Michael K. Heaney was born in 1943, and attended Middlebury College, Vermont, where he graduated and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Infantry in 1964.  After completing Army Ranger and Airborne Schools, he volunteered for combat and was assigned to the 1st Air Cavalry Division (Airmobile), Republic of Vietnam, in December 1965.  After serving five months as an Infantry Platoon Leader (3rd Platoon, Company B, 2nd Battalion), he was wounded in action (May, 1965) in the Central Highlands Province of Binh Dinh when Company B (approximately 120 men) was ambushed by a North Vietnamese regiment size unit (approximatley 300).  For its stand against these odds, the company received the rare Valorous Unit Award, a Silver Star-level decoration given to an entire unit.  Heaney was also awarded the Bronze Star for Valor for actions taken to save his platoon. This ambush touched off a major three-week campaign in coastal Binh Dinh Province by the 1st Air Cavalry Division, dubbed "Operation Crazy Horse."  Mr. Heaney went on to graduate from Harvard Law School in 1970 and pursued a law career for 25 years, eventually entering the History Ph.D. program at Rutgers University, which he expects to complete this year.  He has taught as a visiting lecturer for the past five years, concentrating on courses dealing with war, Vietnam, and the soldier's experience as combatant and veteran.  


Quin Herlik, Colonel, U.S. Army, Retired, is a native of Green Bay, Wisconsin.  He received a Bachelor of Science Degree from St. Norbert College and Masters of Business Administration from Central Michigan University.  He entered the Army in 1955 and retired thirty years later as a Colonel.  His service varied between assignments in command and staff in both artillery and aviation branches of the Army.  Colonel Herlik served as Chief of Staff on the Joint Task Force in Alaska and as Operations Chief on the President's Emergency Airborne Command Post.  He also commanded an artillery group in Germany and an aviation company in Vietnam.  He flew over 4000 hours in Army aircraft, including 912 hours in combat over Vietnam and Cambodia where he was a prisoner of war in 1969.  He is a graduate of several service schools.  His awards include the Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Cluster, Purple Heart, and twenty-five Air Medals.  He is a former State Commander of the American Ex-POWs in Georgia.



John T. Hubbell is Director Emeritus of The Kent State University Press in Kent, Ohio. He was born in Okay, Oklahoma in 1934 and served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1953 to 1956. He attended the University of Oklahoma and was awarded his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in 1969. His field is United States History, specializing in Civil War and Reconstruction and Military History. At Kent State he was an Assistant Professor of History from1968-72, an Associate Professor from 1974-82, and Emeritus Professor of History from 1982-2001. The Civil War Era Center at Penn State University has established The John T. Hubbell Prize for the best article published in Civil War History. During his tenure as Director, Kent State University Press books and journals have won 59 awards and ten books have been History Book Club Selections.    
Brian M. Linn was born in Honolulu and is a graduate of the University of Hawaii.  He received his masters and doctoral degrees from Ohio State University where he specialized in American Military History.  He is now Professor of History and Director of the Military Studies Institute at Texas A&M University.  He is author of three books, inlcuding Guardians of Empire and The Philippine War, 1899-1902Bboth of which received the Society of Military History Distinguished Book AwardBand a dozen articles and book chapters.  Linn has been an Olin Fellow at Yale University, a Hoover Fellow at Stanford University, and the Harold K. Johnson Visiting Professor of History at the Army War College.  

George Massey, Lieutenant Colonel, retired from the U.S. Army in 1983 after 21 years of service.  His tours of duty included three assignments to Germany, two tours of combat in Vietnam with the U.S. Special Forces (Green Beret), Vietnamese Ranger Command and various assignments in the U.S. to include the Unconventional Warfare School as Officer in charge of the Special Forces Officer Qualification Course and as a Professor of Military Science in Washington state.  Lt. Colonel Massey attended the U.S. Army Ranger School, Airborne School, Unconventional Warfare School, Defense Language Institute twice (Czech and Vietnamese languages), and the Command and General Staff College.  His awards include two Bronze Stars, Air Medal, Meritorious Service medal, Commendation medal, the Ranger Tab, Airborne Wings, and U.S. Special Forces Green Beret.  Massey received his undergraduate degree from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, in 1962, and his masters degree from Vanderbilt University in 1974.  He and his wife, Faye, have three grown children, five grandchildren, and currently reside in Knoxville, Tennessee where he is a Plant Manager.


Justin E. (Gene) McCarthy, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Retired, began his military career as a Private in the 10th Infantry Division.  Following duty in Germany, he was commissioned in Infantry from OCS, and spent about ten years in Special Forces assignments.  He parlayed some of his training into a degree in African History and Politics from Hampton Institute.  In Vietnam, 1967-1968, he commanded II Corps Mike Force.  His command increased from four hundred to thirteen hundred Montagnards commanded by about forty U.S. Special Forces and fifteen Australian Special Air Service officers and soldiers.  Highlights of that tour included guerilla operations, defense and reinforcement of Special Forces "camps," and significant contributions to the blunting of the "Tet Offensive."  During 1971-1972, he was a staff officer in Studies and Observations Group, later identified as the covert Joint Command for various intelligence, psychological warfare, and related actitivies.


Ramon A. Nadal was born at Fort Benning, Georgia, son of parents from Puerto Rico.  Educated both in Puerto Rico and the United States, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1958.  Commissioned in the infantry, Colonel Nadal is Airborne, Ranger, Special Forces, and Pathfinder qualified.  Colonel Nadal's  military career included service in Germany as a junior officer and as a battalion commander, and two tours in Vietnam.  The first tour, he was  Special Forces A Detachment Commander and the second tour, company commander of A Co, 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry and S-3 of the 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry.  Colonel Nadal is featured in the book, We Were Soldiers Once...And Young.  The movie We Were Soldiers chronicles the Battle of Ia Drang Valley, America's first major engagement with the North Vietnamese Army.  After return from Vietnam Colonel Nadal earned a Masters degree in Psychology and taught leadership at West Point and management at the Army War College.  Other military assignments included duty in the Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army, where he was involved in the creation of the volunteer Army.  After leaving the Army, Colonel Nadal served as Vice President of Human Resources in two different companies and currently is president of a management and leadership consulting firm, Leadership Associates, in Williamsburg, Virginia.


David M. Oshinsky received his undergraduate degree form Cornell University and his doctorate from Brandeis.  He has taught history for the past 28 years at Rutgers University, where he is the Board of Governors Professor of History.  He won the University's Distinguished Teaching Award in 1987.  Professor Oshinsky specializes in Modern American History, with an emphasis on the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement, and the American South.  He is the author of five books, including A Conspiracy So Immense: The World of Joe McCarthy (1983), which was voted one of the year's best books by the New York Sunday Times Book Review, and won the Hardeman Prize for the best work about the U.S. Congress.  His latest book, "Worse Than Slavery": Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice, (1996) won both the Robert Kennedy Book Award for the year's most distinguished contribution to the field of human rights, and the American Bar Association's Scribes Award for excellence in legal writing.  It also was voted one of the notable books of 1996 by the New York Sunday Times Book Review.  Professor Oshinsky is a regular contributor to scholarly journals, to the Washington Post Book World, New Sunday Times Book Review, New York Times Op-Ed Page, New York Sunday Times Magazine, New York Times Circuits Section, and New York Times Arts and Ideas page.  He spent the academic year 1999-2000 as a visiting Distinguished Phi Beta Kappa Scholar.

Peter Schrijvers obtained an MA in History and American Studies from the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, and a Ph.D. in U.S. Military and Diplomatic History from the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. He worked as a researcher at the Royal Military Academy in Brussels, Belgium, and a lecturer in the History of U.S. Foreign Relations, Graduate Institute of International Relations in Geneva, Switzerland. He is the author of the very well-received book The Crash of Ruin: American Combat Soldiers in Europe during World War II published by NYU Press (April, 2001). His latest book, just released in June, 2002 also from NYU Press, is The GI War Against Japan: American Soldiers in Asia and the Pacific During World War II.    

Richard V. Secord, Major General, USAF, Retired, graduated from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York,  in 1955 with a bachelor of science degree and a commission in the U.S. Air Force.  He received a master of science degree in international affairs from the George Washington University, Washington, D.C. in 1972.  He is also a graduate of the Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, and the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island.  In August 1961 he was selected to serve with a special volunteer tactical organization which was formed at Hurlburt Field, Florida.  He remained with this unit, later designated as the 1st Air Commando Wing, until 1965.  During this four-year assignment General Secord had numerous extended temporary duty tours in overseas areas.  In March 1962 he was assigned as an advisor to the Republic of Vietnam, flying Vietnamese air force AT-28s, during which time he logged more than 200 combat missions.  Beginning in January 1963 he served for six months in Iran working with the Iranian air force as an advisor on air-ground operations.  General Secord again was assigned on temporary duty tours in Iran from January to May 1964 and from January until March 1965, working joint operations.  He then served as chief of the Tactical Operations Division, 1st Air Commando Wing, until July 1965 when he entered the Air Command and Staff College.  After graduation in 1966, he returned to the Republic of Vietnam as an air operations officer in Saigon.  Transferring to Udorn Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, in August 1966, he served as an air advisor until August 1968.  He flew 285 combat missions while serving in Southeast Asia.  From September 1968 to November 1969, General Secord was assigned to Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, as assistant deputy chief of staff for operations, U.S. Air Force Special Operations Force, Tactical Air Command.  He then took command of the 603rd Special Operations Squadron at Hurlburt Field, flying A-37B's.  He served as squadron commander until 1971 when he entered the Naval War College.  After graduation in June 1972, General Secord was assigned as a staff assistant in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C.  In July 1973 he assumed the position of executive assisstant to the director, Defense Security Assistance Agency, under the Secretary of Defense.  In March 1975 General Secord was named deputy commander for operations, 29th Flying Training Wing, Craig Air Force Base, Alabama.  He was appointed chief, Air Force Section, Military Assistance Advisory Group, Iran, in September 1975.  Following his return to the United States in July 1978, he was appointed director of military assistance and sales, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Logisitics and Engineering, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington D.C.  In January 1979 General Secord was named director of international programs, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Programs and Evaluation.  In April 1981, he was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Near East, Africa, and South Asia affairs), Washington D.C. and retired in 1983.  General Secord is a command pilot with more than 4,500 flying hours. 

Samuel J. Smith, Sr., Warriors Leader, was born on March 22, 1925 in Cornfields, Arizona.  He joined the U.S. Marine Corps in the summer of 1943 by claiming he was born in 1924.  Smith was placed with the Navajo Code Communications Section at Camp Pendleton, California and then served with the 4th Signal Company, 4th Marine Division as a Navajo Code Talker.  Mr. Smith survived combat on the Marshall Islands, Saipan, Tinian, and Iwo Jima.  He also taught the code to new code talkers arriving at the Headquarters in Maui, Hawaii. He currently lives in New Mexico.    
Lewis Sorley, a former soldier and then civilian official of the Central Intelligence Agency, is a third-generation graduate of the United States Military Academy who also holds a doctorate from the Johns Hopkins University.  He has served on the faculties at West Point and the Army War College and led tank and armored cavalry units in Germany, Vietnam, and the United States.  Dr. Sorley is the author of Thunderbolt: General Creighton Abrams and the Army of His Times and Honorable Warrior: General Harold K. Johnson and the Ethics of Command.  His most recent book, A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize.  
Addison Terry was born in Macon, Georgia in 1927.  He holds a Bachelor of Science from Purdue and a Master of Arts from the University of Florida.  Terry served in the U.S. Army from January, 1950 to February, 1955 when he resigned with the rank of Major.  He was a Field Officer with the 8th Field Artillery attached to the 27th Regiment during the first ninety days of the Korean War.  Upon resigning from the Army he formed the Addison Terry Company in Atlanta that provided mortgage and venture capital funds throughout North America and most of the Far East. Also, Mr. Terry personally developed commercial real estate in several states and built the Houston Southwest Airport (without any federal funds).  His memoir of the early days of the Korean War, The Battle for Pusan, was written while recovering from gunshot wounds in the Fort Benning Army Hospital in the winter of 1950-51.  The manuscript was lost for forty-eight years.  Presidio Press released the book in March, 2000.  It has been named the Best book by military era by Military Heritage Magazine and was chosen as the Military Book of the Month club selection for September, 2000.  Recently, he has been an adjunct professor at Sul Ross State University while actively ranching in Jeff Davis County, Texas. He has completed his second book, First Try, which is expected to be released in 2002.  Mr. Terry lives in Texas with his wife Rebekah.  They have 3 sons and 7 grandchildren.    
Robert A. Tiebout, U.S. Marine Corps, Lt. General, Retired, was born August 11, 1938 in Urbana, Illinois. He graduated from Memphis State University with a B.S. degree and was commissioned in the Marine Corps in 1961. Upon completion of The Basic School at Quantico, VA., General Tiebout attended the Combat Engineer Officer School at Camp Lejeune, NC. During 1967, he deployed to Vietnam with the 1st Marine Division, where he served as Company Commander of ďAĒ Co., 9th Engineer Battalion and Battalion Operations Officer. Returning to the states in 1968, he was assigned to the 2nd Engineer Battalion to serve as the Support Company Commander, Division Engineer and Battalion Training Officer. In 1969, General Tiebout was ordered to Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., and assigned duties as Engineer Monitor, Officer Assignment Section of the Personnel Management Department. From 1972 to 1973, he attended the Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and was then assigned to the 3rd Marine Division where he served with the 3rd Engineer Battalion as the Operations Officer. Through the 1970s General Tiebout served various stateside assignments and was promoted to lt. colonel in 1978. From 1980 to 1981, he was a student at the Naval War College and upon graduation transferred to Camp Pendleton, California where he served as G-4 of the 1st Force Service Support Group and Commanding Officer, 7th Engineer Support Battalion. He then served as the Base Facilities Maintenance Officer, 1982-1984. General Tiebout returned overseas to serve as the Commanding Officer of Range Company, Camp Fuji, Japan. During 1986, he assumed duty as the Commanding Officer, Marine Corps Engineer School. While serving in this capacity, he was selected for promotion to brigadier general in December, 1987. Upon promotion in 1988 he served as Commander, Defense Electronics Supply Center, Defense Logistics Agency, Dayton Ohio from 1988 to 1990. During 1990 General Tiebout was assigned as the Program Manager MAGTF C2 and Deputy Commanding General, Marine Corps Research, Development and Acquisition Command, Quantico, VA. In May, 1991 he was promoted to major general and assigned duty as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Research, Development and Acquisition Command (renamed Marine Corps Systems Command). General Tiebout was nominated by the President for appointment to lieutenant general on March 12, 1992, and was assigned as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Installations and Logistics.  
Neal Ulevich photographed in Vietnam, initially as a freelance, later for Associated Press.  At war's end he moved to Bangkok, Thailand as AP's regional photographer.  In Thailand he covered growing political unrest, images of which won the 1977 Pulitzer Prize for News Photography.  Associated Press postings in Japan and China followed.  Ulevich returned to the United States in 1990 and settled in Denver.  He recently retired from AP.  He is married to the former Maureen Vaughan.  They have two children.  
James O. Wallace, Jr., ETCM (SEAL), U.S. Navy, Retired, was born in Montgomery, Alabama on September 19, 1940 and attended Robert E. Lee High School. He joined the Navy in October, 1957. Wallace entered Underwater Demolition Team Replacement training in November, 1961 and reported to SEAL Team Two upon graduation. He was promoted to Chief Petty Officer in January, 1969 and departed for Vietnam in February for a seven-month tour of duty. Wallace was awarded the Bronze Star and Navy Achievement Medal, both with Combat V. He later served as Company Commander of two BUDS Companies at the Naval Training Center in Great Lakes, Illinois. Wallace served a total of 15 years in the Navy SEALs, Team Two and retired in December, 1977 after serving over 20 years. He is a Plankowner of SEAL Team Two.    
Donald Whaley teaches American cultural history and coordinates the American Studies program at Salisbury University on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. His essays on American culture have dealt with such topics as soul music and rockabilly, the history of anarchism, the writing of Gore Vidal, and the work of southern documentary filmmaker Ross Spears. A Vietnam veteran who served as a military intelligence analyst with the 101st Airborne Division, he has edited a special issue of Literature/Film Quarterly on Vietnam War movies (he currently serves as Contributing Editor for that journal), has written essays on Apocalypse Now and Platoon, and was one of the eighty international authors to contribute articles to The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War published by Oxford University Press.